Insightful Study Reveals Factors Linked to Poverty in Madagascar

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A groundbreaking study titled “Who is Left Behind?” promises to be a landmark in understanding societal dynamics. Conducted using data gathered during the 2018 national census, the study aims to identify the risk factors contributing to the exclusion and marginalization of the population, shedding light on the profiles of Malagasy individuals most likely to be overlooked.

This comprehensive analysis of multidimensional poverty was jointly undertaken by the National Institute of Statistics (INSTAT) and the United Nations System, with the findings unveiled in early November 2023.

Education, employment, and family situation emerged as the three pivotal factors determining the risk of exclusion and precariousness in Madagascar. Johnny Randraibe, a demographer and analyst at INSTAT, and co-author of the study “Who is Left Behind?” highlighted the intricate relationship between literacy and poverty.

“According to our analysis, 96% of the illiterate population is living in poverty. Literacy, therefore, stands out as one of the most influential factors affecting poverty. Additionally, the level of education plays a significant role. Individuals without formal education, who have never attended school, face a heightened risk of being among the multidimensionally poor—approximately 96% of those without education are classified as such,” he emphasized.

The study’s revelations underscore the critical importance of addressing educational disparities and promoting literacy as key components in the fight against poverty in Madagascar. By recognizing these interconnected factors, policymakers and stakeholders can formulate targeted interventions to uplift vulnerable communities and break the cycle of multidimensional poverty.


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