The conflict between Army Chief General Abdel Fatah al-Burhan and paramilitary leader General Mohamed Hamdan Daglo, also known as Hemedti, has been ongoing for six months in Sudan. Humanitarian organizations are warning of a catastrophic situation, with over five million people displaced and 25 million, half of the population, in need of food aid. Several organizations and observers have criticized the international community for not taking any action.
“The silence of the international community is deafening,” comments a humanitarian on social media. Despite six months of conflict, none of the three mediations to secure a ceasefire between the warring parties has succeeded.
Too many mediations, a lack of strategy, and politics will point out a researcher, along with regional actors with divergent interests fueling the conflict. Saudi Arabia and Egypt, which previously undermined discussions with civilians a year ago, now support General al-Burhan. Cairo reportedly delivered drones to him last month, according to American media. The army chief also enjoys support from Qatar and Turkey.
The United Arab Emirates, on the other hand, has chosen to support General Hemedti to secure their interests in the country, especially gold exports, explains a researcher. Dubai is also accused of supplying weapons to him through Chad and Libya, despite an embargo on Darfur.
The UN is paralyzed, with Moscow and Beijing blocking any resolution in favor of Sudan. The European Union’s credibility is compromised due to its association with the former regime in the name of migration policy. The African Union has merely suspended Sudan. At the UN, no African countries have voted to send a human rights violations investigation mission.