The Union of Resistance Forces (UFR) led by Timan Erdimi, one of the main signatory movements of the Doha Peace Agreement in August 2022, has raised concerns about the lack of progress in implementing the military component of the agreement. This component is focused on the establishment of a Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) program.
The implementation of the Doha Peace Agreement was supposed to begin on the same day it was signed, on August 8th, 2021, with the formation of a Consultation and Monitoring Committee for its implementation. This committee was to consist of nine members: three representatives from the government, three from the political-military movements, and three from the international community, as stipulated in Article 3, paragraph 20 of the agreement.
The role of this committee is crucial in overseeing the entire DDR process, from the cantonment of combatants from the political-military groups to their integration into defense and security forces or their reintegration into civilian life.
However, the Consultation and Monitoring Committee was never established. The transitional government attempted to bypass this provision, according to former rebels, by creating the National Commission responsible for DDR implementation three months ago. This commission was placed under the “direct authority of the transitional Prime Minister,” which, as one of the former rebels pointed out, deviates significantly from both the letter and spirit of the Doha Peace Agreement.