A recent poll revealed that a very high percentage of Moroccan doctoral students do not trust the guardianship system used to select assistant professors at Moroccan universities.
The Moroccan government annually allocates a budget to appoint qualified researchers from among doctors who perform educational and scientific supervision work in various national universities, research institutes, and schools affiliated with specific ministries.
The difficulty of getting entry to university teaching positions on the premise of the standards of competence, benefit and regulation turned into a factor of debate among the actors of the sector on the only hand and the college graduates’ docs on the alternative hand.
At the same time, The minister liable for the better schooling zone in Morocco has defined, thru circular, hard and fast standards that the candidate should meet in an effort to be decided on for oral interviews.
In this regard, The Institute of Social and Media Studies carried out an opinion survey amongst studies medical doctors and professors so one can degree the diploma of self-assurance of the latter withinside the authorised selection mechanisms, their notion of the usual equal opportunities, the extent of wish they’ve for a college professor function or the approach through which they are able to get a professor function.
Thus, The survey wherein 360 doctors participated, of which 20% are women, confirmed that a completely excessive percentage of doctorate holders in Morocco do now no longer agree with the mechanisms followed via way of means of the Ministry of Higher Education to pick assistant professors in Moroccan universities.
According to the survey results, 80% of doctoral graduates do now no longer consider the mechanisms for choosing assistant professors in universities, even as 15% stated they “quite consider” them. The percentage of individuals who expressed overall self-belief did now no longer exceed 5%.
On the query of the standards distinct withinside the round of the Ministry of Higher Education and their admiration withinside the choice of applicants for this year, 73.3% of respondents stated they have been now no longer met, 20% stated they did now no longer know, 1.7% they may be «somewhat» respected, whilst 5% say they may be now no longer.
Regarding the quantity to which the precept of clinical equilibrium is reputable via scientific publications and articles posted in specialised journals, 76.7% of doctors who participated withinside the survey stated that this precept became now no longer reputable, 16.7% expressed a lack of know-how of the issue, 1.7% stated that this criterion is met in a few instances whilst approximately 5% stated that the noted precept became met.
Similarly, 76.7% of respondents felt that compliance with the principle of availability of international experience or membership in international research groups or laboratories was not achieved, 18.3% said they did not know, while 5% believe that the principle mentioned was respected.
In addition, 93.3% of doctors interviewed expressed their wish, in the interests of transparency, that the list of candidates be accompanied by the publication of detailed information concerning them in particular their publications, scientific articles, books, teaching activities, and research and scientific activities, while 6.7% rejected the idea, saying it would “create a lot of controversies.”
In response to the question “Is recruitment controlled by unethical practices?” 80% of respondents answered “yes”, 6.7% answered “no”, while 13.3% thought it was done “somewhat”.
At the top of the list of unethical practices that respondents identified as relevant to the employment of professors at the Moroccan University, followed by “political affiliation” and then “political affiliation” relationships, “mutual or mutual interest relationships” “money relationships”, then “kinship relationships”, and finally close marriages and family relationships.
Ultimately, 85% of respondents expressed a preference for centralized national recruitment, while 15% of respondents expressed a rejection of this proposal.